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Black Magazine Issue No. 6

July 2022

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What Is a Criminal Lawyer and How Do They Work?

A criminal lawyer is a legal representative specializing in representing people and companies charged with criminal conduct. Criminal defense lawyers represent clients who have been charged with criminal offenses such as murder, arson, embezzlement, assault, DUI/DWI, shoplifting, drug/alcohol abuse, harassment, theft, public corruption, theft, and even minor crimes such as vandalism or petty theft. Criminal defense lawyers argue their clients’ cases before jurisdictions binding courts and are permitted to make closing arguments on behalf of their clients. While criminal defense lawyers provide legal representation to those accused of criminal conduct, they are not law enforcement officers and are not employed by the government. They work exclusively for themselves and as private lawyers. They are bound by whatever rules of evidence and procedure are applicable in the court of law with respect to criminal cases. Criminal defense lawyers pursue criminal charges against their clients using all tools at their disposal – such as investigative methods, testimony, data, and plea bargaining.


In most criminal cases, Criminal Lawyers Adelaide work on defense against drug crimes. Most drug crimes are punished with incarceration in a state or federal prison. In some instances, the defendant may be given probation or community service in lieu of prison time. Prosecutors determine the charges and potential sentences based on the severity of the offense, the type of illegal activity that occurred, the criminal background of the defendant, and the victim’s history of drug abuse. In some cases, a jury trial is required for a defendant to prove their innocence.

Drug crimes fall under various classifications, including manufacture, trafficking, possession, and abuse. Manufacturing is the process by which drugs are developed or manufactured. Trafficking is the transportation, handling, importing, and exportation of drugs. The possession of white-collar crimes is when a person knowingly possesses a controlled substance, except that in some states ingesting is not considered a white-collar crime. Indirectly, a white-collar crime can include any conduct that evades the limitations set forth in applicable law. These include activities that violate sections of the Controlled Substances Act, the Fair Trading Act, or other analogous state or federal legislation.

Federal criminal lawyers deal primarily with state crimes against the federal government or the United States government. Federal offenses include terrorism, conspiracy, securities fraud, and money laundering. A conviction for a federal crime can result in long-term imprisonment or a significant amount of financial damage. In addition, it can have a significant impact on a person’s ability to gain employment or a patent, and it can also revoke a passport.

Local law enforcement authorities investigate many crimes. However, federal criminal lawyers should be retained only after consultation with a qualified criminal defense attorney. The initial meeting between a client and a criminal defense attorney usually occurs at a traffic court, a federal courthouse, or another place where criminal lawyers can meet and confer. During this initial consultation, a client presents evidence of the nature of the charges against him or her, an overview of potential defenses, and a factual explanation of the events that led to his or her arrest. The criminal lawyers then discuss the details of the client’s defense plan and work with the police to investigate the defendant’s conduct.

Criminal Lawyers Adelaide represent individuals who have been accused of committing crimes, but rather than go to trial, they agree to enter plea bargains in return for a reduced sentence. The charges on which the plea deals are based are then presented to state or federal district attorneys, and the two attorneys work together to present all sides of the case to the judge. Although many states allow juries to select their attorneys, most prosecutors choose to retain criminal lawyers to handle cases that have been forwarded to them. Juries sometimes view guilty pleas as a justifiable option when they cannot get a fair trial from the prosecution.